National Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals on Indonesia’s Forests and Peatlands

National inventory
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The global community is working towards a new agreement to address the impacts of climate change. At the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) twenty-first conference of the parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015, parties will seek to finalize a new post-2020 agreement on climate change. For this agreement to be effective, it must include emissions reduction pledges from countries and robust emissions measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) requirements to ensure that these pledges are met.

To meet these emissions reporting requirements, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) is developing the Indonesian National Carbon Accounting System (INCAS) as the national platform for greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting. The INCAS is designed as a Tier 3 level GHG accounting system that provides a systematic and nationally consistent approach to monitoring GHG emissions and removals in the land based sectors. The INCAS generates detailed information on historic, present time and future projections of GHG emissions and removals. This level of detail will allow Indonesia to better understand, manage and ultimately reduce GHG emissions in a targeted and effective manner.

On 27 March 2015 at a public seminar in Jakarta, the Minister of Environment and Forestry endorsed the INCAS as Indonesia’s GHG accounting system for the land based sectors, including REDD+ activities. This report has been prepared to meet the commitment made by the Minister at the seminar to finalize the national results from the INCAS in time for reporting at COP21 in Paris. As per UNFCCC requirements, the INCAS provides nationally consistent GHG data that can be used as part of Indonesia’s national GHG inventory and also as an input for updating Indonesia’s Forest Reference Emissions Level or Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL) and an effective Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC).

This document presents these first national level results from INCAS; an annual account of historical GHG emissions and removals from Indonesia’s forest and peatlands for the period of 2001 to 2012. These results include annual estimates of net GHG emissions from key activities occurring on forest lands (REDD+ activities): (i) deforestation, (ii) forest degradation, (iii) sustainable management of forests, and (iv) enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Emissions from biological oxidation and fires on disturbed peatlands are also included. All relevant greenhouse gases and carbon pools are accounted for.
Haruni Krisnawati, Rinaldi Imanuddin, Wahyu Catur Adinugroho, Silver Hutabarat